In fact, sketching is the least exquisite and the most direct and simple. Any pencil or anything that can be drawn can be used to draw a sketch. But if you want to start learning sketch formally, start with basic preparation. First of all, pencil: pencil is the simplest and convenient tool. Beginner’s sketch often starts with pencil. The main reason is that pencil can be very accurate and affirmative in line modeling, can be modified at will, and can depict details more thoroughly and meticulously, which is due to rigorous body requirements and in-depth repeated research. At the same time, there are many kinds of pencils, hard and soft, deep and shallow, more complete, can draw more tones, the color of pencils is easy to show many silver-gray levels in the tone, for gypsum and other basic training homework effect is better, beginners are easier to grasp, therefore, it is more suitable for basic training at the beginning of the application. The existing domestic pencils can be divided into two types, with HB as the boundary, the change to softness and darkness is B to 6B. In order to meet the needs of painting, there are 7B-8B, which we call painting pencils. HB has developed to hard H to 6H, most of which are used in precision design and other professional applications. As there are many kinds of pencils, pencils can well display rich tones of light and shade.
(2) Charcoal pen: Charcoal pen is not brittle or hard, charcoal bar is better burnt through, soft and black, and charcoal fine bar is called top grade with soft and no sand. (3) Pens: Pens with all hard tap-water pen tips. Use daily pen painting can also be done, generally do a little processing, the pen tip with small pliers to bend about 30 degrees, so that its forward writing is fine and fluent, reverse writing coarse and fine control freely.
Secondly, the rubber is a little simple. Generally speaking, it needs five kinds of rubber: hard rubber, soft rubber, plastic rubber, high gloss rubber and electric rubber. Hard rubber is a kind of rubber that can keep angular feeling. It has high erasability and is easy to leave rubbers. It is used to erase lines and hard feeling. Generally, rubber belongs to this kind.
Plastic rubber features: soft. Much like the plaster that children play with, it can be kneaded into any shape. The rate of lens appearance is low. The correction range can be large or small. Skills: 1. Transition screen color. 2. Spot highlights. 3. Reduction of color lethality in large areas
Soft rubber features: soft, but not prone. Elasticity is good. The rate of appearance is very high and the range of correction is wide (the brand I use most is the old man’s head, as shown above). Also used a green soft rubber, not very easy to use, forget what brand.) Skills: 1. Correct minor mistakes. 2. Viscose colour (note the kind of sticky or rubbed or rubbed on paper with an eraser). 3. Small area modification
Hard rubber features: hard, inelastic. This kind of eraser is similar to that used by children to write pencil characters. I use cherry blossom, very good, one is enough.) Skills: 1. Correct minor mistakes. 2. Small areas requiring redrawing.
High gloss rubber (nickname: rubber pen) features: e is probably the son of hard rubber, a little bit more evolved than father. The correction range is small. High mirror appearance rate ~ ~Skills: 1. Correct minor mistakes. 2. high gloss.
Electric rubber features: hard, machine rubber. Emmm… probably a grandson of hard rubber, much more fashionable than grandpa and dad. The correction range is small. Low rate of lens appearance~
Skills: 1. Correct minor mistakes. 2. high gloss
There are many members of the rubber family. The common ones are the above. The beginners are basically enough. If they want to continue digging, they depend on the cylinders themselves. ~Of course, these erasers are not all necessary. It depends on personal habits. Some people use a piece of rubber mud and an electric motor, some people use a piece of software and a piece of hard. Others use these words, or their habits are the most important.
Then paper, domestic paper in the brand of the biggest respectively is the color, also white or yellow, quality I have used no less than seven or eight kinds of no obvious difference, but the number of grams of paper is more important, for the different painting cycle to choose the corresponding number of grams. General sketch paper is divided into positive and negative sides. The front is rough with texture and the back is smooth. We usually draw with textured fronts. If the surface of sketch paper is too large, the effect of drawing will be rough, which is not conducive to drawing. If the paper is moderately granular, the pencil color will be well integrated into the paper, and the drawing will be very textural. Too smooth paper is not suitable for sketching, such paper paints light colors, strips also appear very rigid, no vitality.
Sketchpad easel: Generally speaking, if we want to carry out a more in-depth, size more than eight open plain painting, Sketchpad is indispensable. For sketch, the drawing board should not be too thin, or it will bend or break easily. So the thickness is better than 1CM. Of course, the most important indicator is that the drawing board must be smooth and clean. If the drawing board is not flat enough, the paper will leave unavoidable rough marks when it is colored.
Common Sketchpad Thickness
There are three main types, namely wooden back-braced easel, aluminum alloy easel and desktop easel, each has its own characteristics, I will briefly introduce the application of these three types.
Aluminum alloy telescopic easel
The aluminium alloy telescopic easel is shown in Fig. 21. It has obvious advantages. It can be folded and carried easily. It’s very suitable for sketching. The disadvantage is that most of these types of easels are not very stable and easy to shake. And it’s not suitable for drawing 4.