Pencils are divided into 18 hardness grades: 6B, 5B, 4B, 3B, 2B, B, HB, F, H, 2H, 3H, 4H, 5H, 6H, 7H, 8H, 9H and 10H. The bigger the number in front of the letter, the harder or softer it is. H in pencil means hard, B means black. The bigger the number in front of B means the darker the pencil is, for example, 6B is darker than 4B. Lead above 4B is relatively soft, suitable for composition and shaping, deepening tone, easy to erase and modify, and lead below 4B has a deeper imprint, so it is not easy to erase.
A 2H pencil, a 2B pencil and several HB pencils are usually kept. Before drawing, the pencils of H are sharpened. The pencils of H are used for drafting and drawing bright parts. The pencils of B are used for representing dark parts and shadows. The pencils of HB are used for most paintings.
2. Choice of Paper
Drawing sketch needs easy to adjust the tone, then the sketch paper should not be too smooth, too smooth, not good to adjust the tone, and even when the number of drawings is slightly more, there will be reflections and other phenomena.
Sketch paper is not the rougher the better, too rough sketch paper, because the paper surface fluctuations, the tone will feel very rough, such sketch paper, when drawing realistic, it is not easy to draw very realistic, because the pitted paper draws out, it is easy to give a rough feeling.
Sketch paper should not be too thin, too thin sketch paper, wrong drawings or some places that deal with the tone many times, easy to be rubbed by rubber, thus affecting the whole painting. In addition, too thick sketch paper is also a waste, because the thicker the sketch paper, the more expensive it is. So when drawing, choose the right sketch paper. If it’s not clear, choose medium-priced sketch paper directly. Beginners should use 8 or 4 openings of paper, 16 openings of copperplate paper and photocopy paper.
Daqian, Old Man, Bi Xiaoxuan and Mali are all good choices depending on which one you are more comfortable with.
The old man’s head is matched with cherry blossoms, the old man’s head is used to brighten, and the cherry blossom is used to wipe off naturally quite good. Of course, usually as an interest only for their own happiness, most of them are still possible.
When you start school, you always feel that you are not satisfied with drawing a brush, and then erase it with an eraser immediately. When you draw the wrong brush the second time, you erase it again. This is the worst habit. One is easy to hurt the paper to leave scars on the paper, and the more uncertain it is when drawing, so we should try our best to avoid it.
When the first stroke is wrong, you can draw the second stroke as much as possible, so there is a standard when drawing, easy to correct, and after all the shades and shades are painted, then wipe off the pencil lines where they are not used and erase them gently, so that the whole picture will be much clearer and more lovely.
In fact, many useless lines on the screen are usually hidden by the dark part in the end. We only need to erase the exposed part, which is more labor-saving. At the same time, unused line marks often invisibly become the foil of the main body, so not only do not erase harmless to the picture, but sometimes receive invisible effect, which is something we must pay attention to.